Asbestosis is a medical term that defines asbestosis when a person experiences severe lung disease due to inhalation of asbestos fibers. Asbestos fibers that enter the lungs can cause lung scarring and shortness of breath. Symptoms of asbestosis range from mild to severe and usually do not appear until years after continuous asbestos exposure.
When scar tissue forms around the air sacs of the lungs, it can be difficult for the lungs to expand and fill with fresh air. Then, someone experiencing asbestosis can cause a person to experience symptoms, such as:
- Hard to breathe
- Persistent dry cough
- Chest pain
- Loss of weight and appetite
- Creaking sound when breathing.
Scar tissue that forms in the lungs can cause coughing and discomfort so that the sufferer can only absorb oxygen for circulation to the blood. The following is because the body depends on oxygen for energy, there is a problem with the definition of asbestosis about severe breathing resulting in fatigue and weight loss.
Scar tissue formation can also constrict the arteries and make it more difficult for the body to pump visible blood from the heart and into the lungs. As a result, the lungs experience increased pressure called pulmonary hypertension.
Pulmonary hypertension is very dangerous because it can force the heart to work harder. In the end, this situation has the potential to lead to other cases, such as coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure.
Once scar tissue has formed, there is no treatment to treat this effect. Treatment then focuses solely on slowing disease progression, relieving symptoms, and preventing complications. Launching from the Mayo Clinic, therapy and surgery are two treatment options for people with asbestosis.
Oxygen therapy can relieve shortness of breath due to asbestosis. Since asbestosis inhibits the patient from obtaining a sufficient quantity of oxygen, oxygen therapy supports the sufferer to obtain additional oxygen in the body. Meanwhile, surgery is needed when the condition is severe and requires a lung transplant due to the large amount of scar tissue that has formed.
Reducing exposure to asbestos is the best preventive measure for asbestosis. Asbestos in old buildings is usually more at risk. The definition of asbestosis, there is no risk of exposure as long as asbestos is covered and not disturbed. But to be sure, you should use protection or keep old buildings away to inhibit asbestos exposure.